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    巨頭跨界LED照明行業或引發產業生態變革

    點擊次數:   更新時間:15/01/28 10:44:01     來源:www.0898zjc.com關閉分    享:
     

    在互聯網時代,跨界在各領域盛行,行業與行業之間的邊界逐漸模糊。或進行資源整合,或寄望LED謀取新的利潤增長點,或處于“不把雞蛋放在同一個籃子里”的戰略考量?然而,這對LED企業來說,是否意味著“狼來了?

      李嘉誠巨額投資LED納米燈,小米入股美的集團,TCL集團牽手萬達進入智能照明行業,富士康也欲借LED通向自主品牌之路,就連涼茶世家加多寶之前也傳聞試水LED。在LED火速發展之際,其他領域的巨頭再也按捺不住,紛紛涉足LED,開始了跨界之旅,由它衍生的新合作、新思維也層出不窮。

      LED產業就像一座圍城,城外的企業覬覦已久,毅然跨界進來攻城略地。城內的企業為守住自留地而頗費周折,殫精竭慮……

      "巨頭“跨界

      20143月初,李嘉誠向媒體展示了其投資的納米LED泡。這款因李超人的品牌效應而名聲大噪的“全球最節能”LED燈泡Nanoleaf20141121日起正式在香港開售,售價高達35美元。經李嘉誠之手再度曝光后,LED燈隨即在港股市場引發點石成金效應,多只LED照明概念股股價抽升。實業明星效應贏得了各界媒體的傳播,也使得LED照明在國內市場得了更多的關注。

      小米于201410月份推出的Yeelight智能燈泡被看作是跨界LED、布局智能家居的重要開始,隨后,在雙十一期間小米又推出了一款售價為19.9元的隨身LED燈。緊接著在1214日,小米公司和美的集團雙雙發布公告簽署戰略合作協議,小米科技將以12.66億元購買美的1.29%的股份。

      此前,小米在智能家電方面有一系列的布局,如小米電視、小米路由器、小米空氣凈化器等,無不昭示出小米在這一領域的野心。廣東三雄極光照明股份有限公司副總經理林巖指出,跨界其實是一種更先進的融合。

      近日媒體傳出,小米在智能家居領域一系列生態鏈的準備充分,有望引爆物聯網生態圈,并且帶動LED照明板塊價格上漲。

      代工界的巨人富士康在跨界LED之路上也是大刀闊斧,2013年底,富士康在貴州的工廠建成投產,設置電視、LED路燈、電子白板產線各一條。

      據悉,富士康正在打造完整LED產業鏈以嘗試走自主品牌路線,從芯片到封裝再到應用,從LED顯示屏LED照明,在LED照明領域布局非常完整和精密。富士康意將LED產業作為從代工到自主品牌、從傳統電子行業到新興產業的轉型。

      2015年伊始,家電巨頭TCL集團便發布公告,公司與大連萬達集團股份有限公司簽署戰略合作意向書,雙方將成立聯合工作小組,在互聯網應用及服務平臺、商用顯示(含電視)IMAX 影院、照明、空調、智能家居系統等業務的開發、建設、和運維領域開展業務合作。

      家電行業分析師梁振鵬表示,家電業步入智能化、互聯網時代之后,行業范疇與其他產業交叉滲透,變得無窮無盡的大,可以延伸到互聯網、大數據、云計算、物聯網、智能家庭、智慧社區等領域。因此,企業必須發展外延式的生長模式,借助外部資源聯合、整合發展。

      LED成為企業“跨界”的煙霧彈?

      自被開發利用以來,LED圈子從不缺少跨界的攪局者,直接進入LED照明的“門外漢”更不在少數。

      “最近的諾獎、節能概念讓LED‘看起來’很風光、形勢好、機會多,讓許多企業趨之若鶩。”臺灣LED產業之父、力盛芯(洛陽)電子科技有限公司董事長石修博士對于LED行業跨界熱時談到,“資本不是問題,關鍵是投資渠道信息不暢通,造成投資困難,這也容易讓投資者盲從。”

      很多業內人士同樣認為LED成為企業“跨界”的煙霧彈,事實并不成熟。

      但是,LED還是“火”起來了,“朝陽產業”光環之下的LED行業,一直是傳統行業轉型的熱門之選,特別是隨著LED照明市場的逐漸回暖,越來越多的“門外漢”開始展開更加猛烈的攻勢。從目前情況來看,資金雄厚的企業半路出家LED,不疾而終者甚多,成功者寥寥。

      或引發產業生態變革?

      各界巨頭的任性“插足”所帶來的眼球效應讓LED出盡風頭。這些跨界行為看似“不務正業”,甚至有些讓人摸不著頭腦,但跨界玩家所引發競爭格局的變化卻已讓“門內人”隱隱不安,就像網絡上流傳過得一句話,“中國移動說,搞了這么多年,今年才發現,原來騰訊才是我們的競爭對手!”巨頭跨界LED將給LED企業或行業帶來怎樣的影響?

      競爭更加充分 照明份額或被侵蝕

      巨頭的跨界,無疑會促使競爭越來越充分,大企業開始“謀變”,小企業空間變窄開始尋找生存空隙,整個行業開始思考相互間的合作與共贏。

      由傳統照明轉型LED的“跨界”,還是毫無關聯的行業 “跨”進LED

      或者是經營成功、規模較大、資金雄厚、市場渠道寬闊的大企業,從商業模式和互聯網思維上進行“跨界”, 都讓競爭變得更加激烈。

      深圳珈偉光伏照明股份有限公司集團副總裁劉克鋒認為,跨界競爭一方面會加劇LED照明產業競爭,一方面則會促使更多的“行內”企業及人士思考行業的發展方向與未來的競爭格局,從而抓緊時機采取應對措施。

      而品途網的CEO劉宛嵐也曾表示,當前社會,業內外的競爭共同存在,如果整個行業忽略了這個關鍵點,忽略用戶的深度耕耘,那么接下來的可能是整個行業份額的萎縮。現在的照明市場還是在“窩里斗”,但是跨界的步伐已經在步步緊逼。

      小米進駐LED照明,從深層次上看來,并不僅僅是分LED照明市場一杯羹,更是在認識到LED廣闊前景下完善自身的智能家居戰略行為。思維方式和商業模式的變化讓LED的“邊界”更加模糊,不可否認,這些巨頭企業的跨界融合將促使照明行業實現質的飛躍。

      跳出照明思維 衍生新應用和新模式

      跨界似乎已成一種潮流,并能帶來不同種類的創新。東莞維爾霓斯副總經理李金區表示,如手機行業,作為移動互聯時代必不可缺的載體,如果有跨界合作規劃,就必須要深入了解對方的發展方向和市場消費需求,這樣才能有針對性的在產品、渠道資源、消費群體、合作模式等方面進行逐步融合。

      廣東省照明電器協會會長全健提到,企業整合創新使得LED企業不再僅僅是單從照明的視角做垂直型布局,而是開始跳出照明思維,思考跨界應用,讓它成為一種必然趨勢,而且前景廣闊。

      “但目前在做智能照明的企業,都只是停留在技術層面,即如何實現對LED燈的遠程控制及調光調色,這恰恰是最容易且早已解決的問題。”中國照明電器協會副理事長、南京工業大學電光源材料研究所所長王海波指出,智能照明的關鍵在于光生物領域,比如根據人的確切需要進行精細化的照明調整。但這一方面的工作極具難度,所以至今幾乎是空白。跨界進來的巨頭,對于智能照明領域的不了解,若沒有具體的進入方案,前景或令人堪憂。

      晶元光電市場行銷中心產業研究室處長梁立田則認為,跨界巨頭的進入正以不同的方式讓照明具有更多的附加價值,對于上游企業來說,這促使產業營業額的綜合提升,而不僅僅是價格戰的加劇。但對于做智能終端照明的企業來說,如果它們沒有這些電子、家電企業的快速資源運輸速度,則會受到較大影響。

      增強內功 鍛造產業競爭力

      跨界帶來競爭的同時,LED的“邊界”也變得更為廣闊,正如LED為照明帶來了一場光源革命,跨界則為照明提供了更多想象,企業需要做的就是用積極的心態迎接這場變革與創新。

      “巨頭跨界讓國內LED企業充滿危機感,小企業要找準自身獨特優勢,小而專,注重服務和技術鉆研,大企業不要包攬所有產品生產,發揮“大”的優勢注重整體技術領先和銷售網絡覆蓋。”臺灣半導體產業之父石修表示。

      跨界不能代表突圍成功,轉型也不意味著升級成功。在即將到來的2015年,LED行業還需要當心很多“黑天鵝”。競爭還會加劇,利潤還會下跌。物競天擇,適者生存,企業應多一些理智,少一些盲目。

      打破傳統 注重品牌及渠道建設

      總結2014LED企業的發展曲線,王海波表示,其他領域巨頭跨界LED,其實說明照明行業充滿了生機與活力,一派欣欣向榮之景。但LED企業在競爭中一定要注重品牌及渠道的建設。傳統照明企業如歐普、雷士、三雄?極光等,盡管近些年才開始涉足LED,但是銷售體量依然不減,緣由于他們前期在品牌及渠道的鋪開。而一些早期便開始LED之路的企業,即使歷經多年,體量依然無法比擬傳統轉型企業。

      但品牌與渠道建設是一個積累的過程,不能“有錢任性”、急功近利,這也是傳統商業生存的法則。

       文章來源:阿拉丁新聞中心

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